The impact of cognitive and metacognitive strategies on self-esteem and self-efficacy in students

Mitra Sadat Noghabaee

Abstract


Self-esteem and academic self-efficacy are the key variables in educational systems that provide the field of growth and cognitive improvement, students’ attitudes and skills; therefore, conducting the programs that provide the flourishing field of these variables are with great importance. Academic achievement is influenced by many variables. Some of the most important are cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies, self-efficacy, creativity and emotional intelligence, etc. This study aimed to investigate the effects of cognitive and metacognitive strategies on self-esteem and self-efficacy in students. The method to conduct the study was quantitative and from the branch of descriptive-survey study, and the group of applied studies. The statistical population of the study was first grade high school students in Tehran in 2015-2016 school year that due to the nature of the study, 60 students were selected. The main tools of the study were the questionnaire of cognitive and metacognitive strategies, self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. The results showed that cognitive and metacognitive strategies have significant and positive effects on students’ self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. 


Keywords


Cognitive strategies, metacognitive strategies, self-esteem, academic self-efficacy.

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