Early State of the Bronze Age: Arkaim — Kargaly Case Study

Okladnikova Elena Alekseevna, Popov Vladimir Aleksandrovich

Abstract


 

The purpose of this article is interpretation of the system of archaeological monuments of the Southern Ural (Kargaly, Arkaim, Sintashta) as one of the important Bronze Age mining centers of ancient Eurasia. The authors examine Arkaim as an element of a complex system of socio-economic interactions in the Kargaly mining area. The main parts of this complex system were: 1) the copper ore production, 2) food production for miners of copper ore, 3) transport (trade) of copper ore. The Arkaim and the "Land of cities" in general is interpreted as the center of cattle breeding. Meat used to feed the Kargaly miners bone, and that is more important, was used as a material for tunneling tool. Skins were used for clothing people who mined copper ore in Kargaly, fat was used for the lighting of tunnels. A series of unique monuments in the Southern Urals, including monuments of culture Sintashta, Arkaim, Kargaly are considered as evidence for the existence of a single copper mining and ranching complex from the Bronze age (III-II thousand BC). Social relations and the system of social power in this ancient metallurgical center can be reconstructed with the help of the theory. Kargaly was not only production center of metal in the Bronze Age, but one of the forms of early state systems of social control over the large groups of people who were engaged in different but interrelated economic activities.

 


Keywords


Arkaim, Andronov culture, early state, statehood.

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