Sources and forms of territorial heritage

Basilio Calderón Calderón, José Luis García Cuesta


Until the 1980s, the concept of heritage had a reductionist nature as it was focused solely on the identification of isolated resources, relatively independent from their environment, which were included in a protective catalogue. Over the last 25 years, successive recommendations from both national and international organisations (UNESCO, Council of Europe) have gradually changed this traditional conception in favour of other points of view. Territory is no longer simply a support for heritage sites or a stage for the landscape, but one in which everything is considered as a whole, as heritage territory.

The process through which a territory is recognised as possessing heritage sites can no longer be based on the mere location and inventory of the resources, as it did in the past. In order to overcome this limitation, after analysing many international experiences, we make a proposal here for classifying heritage sites that incorporates new variables to explain the nature of a heritage site and to understand the most complex and integrating meaning of the so-called ‘territorial heritage’.



Territorial heritage; Cultural heritage; Territorial resources; Regional and local development; Landscape.

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