Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action: Second Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Ali Javadi Aghdam

Abstract


After World War II, a political and legal process that continues today has restricted the use of nuclear energy because of its destructive effects and military reasons. In the framework of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), some restrictions on the use of nuclear energy have been defined for countries such as Iran which is the member of the IAEA. However, according to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) signed at Vienna between Iran and permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany in 2015, some commitments beyond the NPT were accepted. This introduced a different strategy in dealing with nuclear states. In this study, after reviewing the JCPOA and its provisions, since JCPOA has been annexed to the UN Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015) and according to article 25 of the UN charter, we suggested that JCPOA can be used as the second NPT in taking measures to safeguard the peaceful nuclear activities in the world.


Keywords


Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, NPT, JCPOA.

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