Reviewing the Concept of Privacy and Sense of Belonging to Place in Modern Houses (Case Study: Houses in Sirjan, Iran)

Zohre Etemadi, Hamed Imantalab

Abstract


Architecture is the art of building places which are felt and understood by human and are then integrated with their mind and that using them man can give environment a new identity. As a result, it can be said that the mission of architecture is to create meaningful and private places. Iranian traditional architecture contains lessons in this regard. One of the noteworthy points in this context is techniques applied in designing houses that through establishing a sense of ownership, privacy, and subjective memories, have strengthen a sense of emotional security in individuals and provided the possibility of comfortable and sustainable life for men. Iranian houses with historical background and abundant significance are physically and functionally noted and unfortunately, they have taken away from their historical identity. In the current study, in order to return these houses into early historical identity, in addition to identify these houses, both a sense of belonging and effective factors in creating privacy at home are investigated. Today, with the entrance of cultural elements of other countries, especially Western countries, our culture and consequently, our architecture have experienced changes and its manifestation has been ignored in today’s architecture in the principle of confidentiality, visual security, audio security and olfactory security  which  is tried to be solved in this study.

In this study, in addition to literature review and survey of maps and photos, field understanding has also been carried out and in order to quantitatively examine the criteria, the direct method of questionnaire has been used whose result along with the results from the questionnaire, adjustment and analysis of maps are presented in the present study.


Keywords


Architecture, Housing, Sense of Belonging, Sirjan.

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