Paleoglobalization: The Symbolism of Prosperity and Decline in Rock Art of Ancient Eurasia

Elena Okladnikova

Abstract


Contemporary globalization is not the only one episode of the historical process in which peoples of the world shared technologies, artifacts and symbols. There are two points of view on the sense of globalization. The first point of view suggests that globalization emerged only in the late nineteenth century and was the result of the industrial revolution (Ed. Giddens). Another view suggests that globalization first appeared in the era of Middle Assyrian Kingdom (12 thousand years ago) and has spread not only to all countries of the Near East but also far to the East of Eurasia (M. Waters, G. Therbom, D. Wilkinson). Metaphors of  such oppositions as Prosperity/Decline, Good leader/Bad leader in the form of symbolic images of animals spread from West to East Eurasia along with artifacts, technologies and waves of population migration. We found out two semantically opposite groups of zoomorphic symbolic subjects in the ancient art of Eurasia:1) the bulls with decorated bodies and 2) cat like predators. Bulls with decorated bodies were symbols of prosperity and welfare. Their images are preserved in the ancient art of the Near East and rock art of High Altai Mountains. Cat like predators were symbols of Evil, Violence and Destruction. These symbols of evil, aggression and violence were found on the columns of the Göbekli-Tepe temple (Turkey). Similar rock art zoomorphic symbols of the so-called Lords of the Universe we found among the petroglyphs of Khakassia and High Altai Mountain. We suppose that our archaeological finds and idea about cross-cultural symbolic of the peoples of Ancient Eurasia support the theory paleoglobalizaton. Data from our comparative semiotic analysis of two groups of zoomorphic monumental (Göbekli-Tepe) and rock art (High Altai Mountains)  images of the ancient art reveal new  aspects of cross-cultural contacts in the times of Ancient Europe paleoglibalization.


Keywords


Paleoglibalization, rock art, symbols of power, Model of the Universe, Ancient Eurasia.

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