Predicting the Quality of Life according to Thought Control Strategies in Wives of Addicted Husbands (Opium and Heroin) Referring to Detoxification Centers in Shiraz, Iran

Mehran Roozbehi, Marzieh Sedaghat, Arezoo Homam Zakeri, Langeroudi Sajad Roientan, Yaser Mazaheri

Abstract


Objective: the objective of this study is to predict the quality of life according to thought control strategies in wives of addicted husbands (opium and heroin) referring to detoxification centers in Shiraz, Iran. Methodology: a descriptive and correlational study was performed. Applying random clustering sampling method, the study consisted of 375 out of 15000 wives of addicted husbands (opium and heroin) referring to detoxification centers in Shiraz. Wells and Davis (1994) Thought Control Questionnaire (TCQ) and Quality of Life Questionnaire (SF-36) were administered to collect data. Findings:  the results showed that thought control strategies and their three dimensions (distraction, worry, and self-punishment) are found to have a reverse association with the quality of life. Reassessment dimension is found to have a positive and significant relationship with the quality of life. The quality of life, however, is not found to have a significant relationship with social control. Results: Wives of addicted husbands (opium and heroin) referring to detoxification centers in Shiraz who suffered from lower quality of life used distraction, worry, and self-punishment thought control strategies more than others and vice versa. We also concluded that wives who had higher quality of life used reassessment strategy more than another group. 


Keywords


the quality of life, thought control strategies, addiction.

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