The Impact of Socio-Economic and Demographic Factors on Age at First Marriage among Married Women in Villages of Zabol, Iran (2014)

Batool Seifoori

Abstract


In this survey, in order to find the effective factors upon the age at first marriage as to women aged 15-49 from the villages of Zabol, data have been gathered through questionnaires, and the following variables have been considered: age at first marriage as dependent variable, and income  of  women’s  fathers,  education  of  women’s  fathers,  occupation of  women’s  fathers,  income  of  women’s  husbands,  education  of women’s  husbands,  occupation  of  women’s  husbands,  education  of women,  employment  status  of  women,  household  size,  ethnicity  of  women, religion of women, the women’s attitude toward ideal marriage age for girls, the women’s attitude toward ideal marriage age for boys, the birth order in family, women's number of sisters, women's number of  brothers,  the  type  of  family,  and  the  source  of  decision-making  about  marriage as independent variables. Theories  such  as  Exchange  Theory,  Rational  Choice  Theory, Wealth  Flow  Theory,  Game  Theory,  Theory  of  Demographic  Change and Response and Search Theory, a model has been chosen based on people’s  preference  for  achieving  educational  positions,  better occupations,  and  more  facilities  that  contribute  to  the  increase  of  the marriage age. The  gathered  data  have  been  analyzed  through  SPSS  package, and  statistical  methods  such  as  T-test,  ANOVA,  and  Multiple Regression have been used for analysis. From among 18 independent variables in this research, 16 have been accepted and approved but the occupation  of  women’s  fathers  and  income  of  women’s  fathers  have been  rejected.  Eventually,  determination  of  the  main  variables  of  this survey  through  Multiple Regression  leads  to  R2=0.75;  it  means  these  variables  can  predict  the  dependent  variable  for  75  percent. Consequently, the proposed model is relatively a proper one. Based on the results, the research model was approved.  The research  model  was  planned  according  to  communities,  which  have experienced  Modernization;  therefore,  it  was  not  expected  that  this model  would respond  in  the  remote  villages  of  Zabol.  However,  the obtained results proved that despite the exposure of this  community to factors  such  as  ethnicity  and  religion,  Modernization  has  also  left  its influence  upon  this  area,  and  we  can  consider  the  same  model  by adding or reducing two or three variables in such a community.


Keywords


socio, economic, demographic, age at first marriage, women.

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