Investigation of Home Accidents Based on Location and Type of Incidence in Studied Population

Mohammad Sarani, Manijeh Khalili, Soleyman Saravani, Aziz Shahrakivahed

Abstract


Introduction and goal: damages resulting from accidents are main and avoidable causes, non-communicable diseases, and death in most countries of the world. Awareness of the different dimensions of accidents is important for health planning and educational interventions timely. To reduce the amount of household accidents, training based on needs should be provided for target groups that prerequisite of such trainings is to determine the incidence of accidents in society. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the incidence of household accidents.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study conducted in the period between 2013 and 2014. Using census method of sampling, all injured people (916 cases) who were admitted to health centers due to home accidents were studied. Tools of the study were according to relevant checklist and forms. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software at the level of 5 percent and Chi-square test was used to determine the relationship between variables.

Results: in total, 916 injured people were recorded during this period. Based on the results obtained among people examined in this study,46.8% of them were men and 53.2 percent of them were women. Significant relationship (p <0.05) was found between age, gender, and type and location of accidents. Among different types of accidents, burn had the highest frequency of accidents with 61.1 percent and in terms of location of accidents, most of accidents happened in kitchen with 51.4 percent. In terms of result of the treatment, 82.4% were recovered injured people, 16.3 percent were under treatment, 0.04 percent was disabled, and 1.2 percent of them were died.

Discussion and conclusion: based on the results obtained, a significant percentage of household accidents related to the burn at home, which in this case it is recommended that preventive policies and training plan to be adopted to reduce the incidence of this type of accidents and its consequences. Additionally, these plans are recommended to focus age groups under 20 years and young and mothers based on frequency of incidence of cases.


Keywords


home accidents, accidents, damage, home health.

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