Efficacy of cognitive behavioral group therapy on depression and anxiety of mothers with mentally retarded children

Zahra Karami Baghteyfouni, Somayeh Salmani Kalleh

Abstract


Introduction and goal: cognitive behavioral group therapy is active, structured and has some time constraints which stresses the role of thinking in etiology and continuation of problems, correction of destructive thinking patterns which is thought of a common aspect of all impairments. The current research has been conducted with the aim of examining then effects of cognitive behavioral group therapy on anxiety and depression of mothers with educable boy mentally retarded children. Methodology: This research, which is a semi-experimental research, was comprised of pretest and posttest along with control group. From among all mothers with educable boy mentally retarded children in the city of Tehran, in March 2013 and the three month of 2014, the number of 16 people was selected and placed into two 8 people groups of control and experimental through random. Thereafter, all the subjects were measured by way of Beck Anxiety and Beck Depression scales. The experimental group subjects were placed under 12 ninety minute weekly sessions of cognitive-behavioral group therapy. In the end, the questionnaire was again administered to the two groups. To analyses data, statistics of frequency and percentage, average and standard deviation were used in then descriptive level while in the inferential level, Covariance analysis was applied. Findings: findings obtained indicate that the mean depression scores in the posttest of the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group and the mean anxiety scores in the posttest of the experimental group was significantly lower than the mean scores in the control group. Conclusion: Cognitive behavioral group therapy will significantly lead to reduction of depression and anxiety among mothers with mentally retarded children. 


Keywords


Cognitive behavioral group therapy, anxiety, depression, Retarded, Educable.

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