The Investigation of Political Ideologies in the UN Resolutions about the Syrian Civil War: A Systemic Functional Analysis on the Basis of Argumentation Theories

Taher Ben Khalifa

Abstract


The systemic functional study of language is open to a multiplicity of approaches and theoretical frameworks among which Discourse Analysis (DA) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). Being an applied linguistic theory, SFL becomes connected to different theories and disciplines that are devoted to the investigation of different topics related to the study of the discursive practices of language. The study of discourse, as a social practice, from a systemic functional perspective can be related to other forms of social theories such as argumentation theories. This article will focus on the analysis and evaluation of argument logical structure together with its linguistic structure in the UN resolutions about the Syrian civil war using the SFL theory and the CDA approach with reference to (Fairclough, Isabella and Norman Fairclough 2010, 2011a, 2011b, 2012) and (Matthiessen, 2014). This systemic functional analysis of the arguments developed in the texts to be under focus is meant to study the political ideologies and the networks of power relations that are transmitted through the discursive use of language, as a whole social system of communication that can be used to serve different social functions such as convincing and conflict resolution in the divided groups or societies. The obtained results showed that both logical and linguistic structures of the analyzed political argument work to serve communicative agents' thoughts, choices and future plans.

 


Keywords


Systemic Functional linguistics (SFL), Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), Argumentation Theories, Political Ideologies, Power Relations and Applied linguistics.

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