Analyzing Formation of Regional Integration based on Constructivism School (A Case Study on Persian Gulf Region: Possibility or Impossibility)

Mahnaz Goodarzi, Mohammad Kaffash Nayyeri

Abstract


The constructivism school as a meta-theory of international relations with concentration on the ontological and epistemological discussions tries to set the backstage for the ideas and consciousness for the actors of international relation by means of mutual interactions with the emphasis on the significance of people and groups, and on creation of mutual concepts and interests for understanding the identities, interests, institutions, perceptions, and their understanding about the international behavior. In fact, constructivism makes the integration possible with the emphasis on the relationship between the materialized interdependence and the understanding of identity and society by bringing about the intersubjective and structural understanding of the belonging sense to a specific regional society and by creating the background for changing the interests and identities. In this vein, to what extent Persian Gulf region, in which the disintegration factors rather than integration factors can make difficult the accessibility to the integration, can utilize the constructivism to access the regional integration. By surveying the components and the capacity of effectiveness of constructivism by creating mutual concepts and perceptions about identity, interests, security, regionalism in the Persian Gulf region, therefore, it can be concluded that the constructivism can fade the disintegrational factors to prepare the regional integration backgrounds in the region of Persian Gulf.


Keywords


Persian Gulf, Persian Gulf Region, Constructivism, Integration, Regional Integration.  

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