The Relationship between Lifestyle and Ethnic Identity among Students of Isfahan University

Mojtaba Shahnoushi, Fateme Shafieian

Abstract


This study aims to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and ethnic identity among students of Isfahan University. The study population includes 10317 students of Isfahan University having different ethnic identities and studying for bachelor, master and PhD degrees in humanities, basic science and engineering. The sample size was obtained 300 students using Cochran Formula and stratified probability sampling method was used in the research. The research method was descriptive and correlational in type and the data collection tool was two researcher-made questionnaires the face validity and content validity of which was confirmed by a number of the study population and some experts in the field respectively.  

Cronbach’s alpha was also used to evaluate the reliability of the data collection tools, and the alpha coefficients of the ethnic identity questionnaire and lifestyle questionnaire were obtained 0.84 and 0.77 respectively. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics (frequency tables, graphs, percentages, variance) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation, analysis of variance, T-test, structural equation modeling) were used. The research findings showed that there is a significant relationship between the students’ lifestyle and their ethnic identity. In addition, the relationship between lifestyle and ethnic identity was different with respect to demographic variables (age, sex, education and marital status).


Keywords


Ethnic Identity, Ethnicity, Lifestyle,University Students.

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