Secondary School Students’ Beliefs, Perceptions and Attitudes towards Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) and Structural Approach (SA)

Hussein Islam Abdullah, Parilah Mohd Shah

Abstract


In English language learning, there are mainly two instructions being used in the classroom teaching which are the Communicative Language Teaching and Structural Approach. Many studies have looked into on teachers’ perceptions in implementing both approaches in the classrooms; few have looked into students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitudes with respect to these English language instructions in classroom practices. This study investigates the students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitudes with regard to classroom practices focusing on the Communicative Language Teaching and Structural Approach. The objectives of the study were to investigate students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitudes towards English language instructions and the correlation between students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the students towards Communicative Language Teaching and Structural Approach. 134 Form 4 students from a selected secondary school in an urban area in Seremban was chosen in a cluster sampling for this study. A set of questionnaire using 5 point Likert scale was used as one of the instruments in gathering the data. Quantitative data were analysed using the descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation were used to investigate the students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitude towards Communicative Language Teaching and Structural Approach. For inferential statistics, Pearson Correlation was used to analyse the correlations between the students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitudes towards Communicative Language Teaching and Structural Approach. The findings of the study showed positive students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitude towards Communicative Language Teaching as well as Structural Approach. However, the weight age inclined more towards Communicative Language Teaching. There is a significant correlation between the students’ beliefs, perceptions and attitudes towards Communicative Language Teaching and Structural Approach.


Keywords


Beliefs, Perceptions, Attitude, Communicative Language Learning (CLT), Structural Approach (SA), English Language Instructions.

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