The Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Altruism among Students of Faculty of Theology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch

Zoleikha Zamanian, Masomeh Oladian, Mahmood Safari

Abstract


The present study investigates the relationship between self-efficacy and altruism among students of Faculty of Theology, in Tehran Islamic Azad University. The research method was descriptive – correlation. Statistical population were included 700 people that about 248 ones were selected using Cochran formula and stratified random sampling as research sample. Collecting data was performed using 17 statements of Scherer’s questionnaire and 16 statements of Ashton’s et al; a questionnaire which was based on the Likert scale. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to normalize data and also to describe and analyze the data regression and correlation coefficients were used. The validity of the questionnaire approved by the professional experts and reliability of the questionnaire was calculated through Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Reliability of self-efficacy questionnaire was 0.84 and was about 0.88 for altruism questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Research results showed that there was a significant and positive relationship between self-efficacy and altruism (r = 0.324); as well as self-efficacy with each dimensions of altruism such as empathy (r = 0.558); rewards of good deeds in the world (r = 0.496); sense of social responsibility (r = 0.589); having lack of internal control center (r = 0.647) and lack of self-determination (r = 0.347).


Keywords


Self-Efficacy, Altruism, Students.

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