Comparison of Academic Burnout, Mental Health, and Creativity among Students of Exceptional Talents Schools and Ordinary Schools

Seyyede Asiye Hosseini, Hassan Boland

Abstract


This study compared the academic burnout, creativity, and mental health among students of exceptional talents and ordinary schools of Rasht in academic year of 2014-2015. This is a post-event comparative study. Statistical population consisted of all 11232 female students of second grade in high school, of whom 217 students were selected from exceptional talents schools using the Morgan table and randomized sampling method. Moreover, 373 students were selected from ordinary schools using the Morgan table and multistage cluster sampling method. Data were collected using three academic burnout questionnaires by Bresó et al (1997), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) (Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995) and Creativity Measurement Test (Abedi, 1991). In order to analyze the data, multivariate analysis of variance was used to compare variables. Findings showed that the score mean of the students of the exceptional talents schools is lower in three variables of academic fatigue (13.28), academic disinterest (9.43) and the academic inefficiency (13.22) rather compared to those of the students of the ordinary schools in these three variables (15.26, 11.34,14.28, respectively). The mean score of the students of the exceptional talents school in three variables of depression (9.45), anxiety (14.19), and stress (7.96) is lower compared to those of the students of the ordinary schools in these three variables (7.46, 5.88, and 9.17, respectively). The mean score of the subscales of the fluid creativity (29.25), expansion (12.59), innovation (20.44), and flexibility (16) of the students of the exceptional talents schools is higher compared to those of the students of the ordinary schools (26.21, 10.67, and 18.55). As a result, academic burnout and mental health in students of exceptional talents schools is lower compared to those of the students of the ordinary schools, and their creativity is higher than that of the students of the ordinary schools.


Keywords


Academic Burnout, Mental Health, Creativity, Students, Exceptional Talents Schools, Ordinary Students.

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