Littérature, politique et pouvoir aux Antilles

Ajimase Angela A.

Abstract


This paper explores the political question in Carribean literature. Taking into consideration some leading authors of Carribean literature like Aimé Césaire, Edouard Glissant, Patrick Chamoiseau, Bernab Confiant and Maryse Condé, it attempts to show that besides the fact that it is an effective weapon of political combat, Carribean literature is to some writers a place to gain influence and fame. The different identity theories postulated by major literary movements (Negritude, Antillanity, Creolity and Coolitude) are fundamentally permeated by political ideologies that confront one another for control of the Carribean literary class. The movement organized by post-Césairian writers, especially the Creolist movement, aims at purging Carribean literature of Césairianism. It is an irrefutable proof of anti-césairianism. It is, therefore, the proof of this fierce war carried out by a certain group of Carribean writers to occupy the pride of place in the Carribean literary and political scene.

Keywords


Committed literature, Caribean literature, Creolity, Antillanity, Negritude.

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