The Relationship between Family Communication Patterns and Mental Health in Adolescents

Morteza Heidari, Hanieh Mortezaee, Hassan Masomi, Ali Reza Raji

Abstract


Background and object: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between family communication patterns and mental health disorders in adolescents in the city of Mashhad and the prevalence of mental disorders among them.

Materials and Methods: Methodology is descriptive and correlational. The study sample consisted of 507 people who were chosen using stratified cluster sampling method.The datawere collected using Family Communication Patterns of Ritchie and Fitzpatrick questionnaire, and the Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire (SDQ), and then was analyzed by SPSS 18 software usingregression and Pearson correlation tests.

Results: Results showed 48% of adolescents with moderate mental health, 44% with desirable mental health and 8% with very low mental health. There is a significant positive correlation between mental health and conversation aspect of family communication patterns and a significant negative one between mental health and conformity aspect, and orientation of conversation against conformity is a stronger predictor of mental health of adolescents. Also according to family, mental health divisions of adolescents respectively from top to bottom were in pluralistic, consensual, easygoing and protective families.

Conclusion: Family communication patterns and its dimensions are significantly associated with mental health. So adopting appropriate measures and actions for training families to improve the mental health of adolescents and reduce the damage caused by it is necessary.


Keywords


family communication patterns, mental health, the prevalence of mental disorder.

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