Investigation of art and literature in the light of cognitive neuroscience (Neuroaesthetics) and medical anthropology: A qualitative library-based analysis

Seyyed Amir Yasin Ahmadi, Mohammad Almasian, Jafar Rezaian

Abstract


From the days of yore, art and aesthetics had been regarded in the ancient world. The relation of art and mythology with metaphysics and psychology is originated in the ancient Greece associated with Plato and Aristotle. This famous verse of poem, “With art, thou have lean gem ‘n lean reason max / be firm sure with art spirit yours made relax” [in Persian], shows the chronic background of the importance of art and its impacts on psyche and nerve system in Iran. Iranian philosophers were of the conviction that geometry was a part of mathematics in which the units are connected and fixed. Thus, the visual arts are the harmonized and musical form and external manifestation of geometry. In present, we take it upon ourselves to explain the inter-disciplinary approaches of linguistics, literature, art, mythology and aesthetics emphasized on neuroscience and psychiatric aspects. Neuroaesthetics is study of brain-response to art and aesthetic stimuli derived from cognitive neuroscience. Myths play an important role in most parts of neuroscience. Neuroaesthetic perception of art and music is attributed to Mirror Neurons. Thus cognitive neuroscience investigates how the art works perform their perceptual stimuli and aesthetic stimuli functions in brain. Neurotransmitters play a connecting role between the software and hardware of nerve system. Since there is co-relation between these materials and Reward Pathways -­ related to prefrontal cortex and limbic structures - it seems that aesthetic stimuli may be dopaminergic. Thereby original researches in future are needed.


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